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  • Writer's pictureDamon Butcher

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) bi-directional charging phase one

Updated: May 9, 2022



UK registered organisations can apply for a share of up to £2 million funding from BEIS to develop V2X bi-directional charging prototype hardware, software or business models.

Open date: 28/03/2022

Close date: 04/05/2022

Max Funding:£210,000

Funding Percentage: 70%

Collaboration: Collaborative or Single

Funding Type: Grant

Fund Provider(s): BEIS

Industries: Automotive, Net Zero


Description The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) will invest up to £2 million in innovative Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) research and development projects. This phase 1 investment will be delivered through Innovate UK, part of UK Research and Innovation. The aims of this competition are to:

  • unlock and expand the energy flexibility potential of Electric Vehicle (EV) bi-directional charging technologies and business models in the UK

  • accelerate commercialisation of V2X technologies and services

  • increase business and consumer interest in V2X

  • bring together diverse stakeholders across the energy and transport sectors to overcome barriers to V2X deployment

This competition is the first phase of a two phase V2X innovation programme with total funding of £11.4million. A separate competition for small scale V2X demonstrations is planned for 2023. Phase 1 projects must deliver prototype hardware, software or business models which reduce barriers to entry for domestic or non-domestic use of V2X bi-directional chargers to provide energy flexibility services. In applying to this competition, you are entering into a competitive process. This competition closes at 11am UK time on the deadline stated.

Funding type Grant

Project size Your project’s total costs must be between £150,000 and £300,000.

Who can apply Your project Your project must:

  • have total costs between £150,000 and £300,000

  • start on 1 September 2022

  • end by 31 August 2023

  • carry out its project work in the UK

  • intend to exploit the results from or in the UK

Your project must involve a minimum of 2 collaborative grant claiming organisations from across the energy and transport sectors. You must only include eligible project costs in your application. If your total project’s costs or duration falls outside of our eligibility criteria, you must provide justification by email to at least 10 working days before the competition closes. We will decide whether to approve your request. If you have not requested approval or your application has not been approved by us, you will be made ineligible. Your application will then not be sent for assessment. Lead organisation To lead a project your organisation must:

  • be a UK registered business of any size

  • collaborate with other UK registered organisations to deliver this project

Academic institutions cannot lead a project. Project team To collaborate with the lead, your organisation must be one of the following UK registered:

  • business of any size

  • academic institution

  • charity

  • not-for-profit

  • public sector organisation

  • research and technology organisation (RTO)

Each partner organisation must be invited into the Innovation Funding Service by the lead to collaborate on a project. Once accepted, partners will be asked to login or to create an account and enter their own project costs into the Innovation Funding Service. The lead and at least one other organisation must claim funding by entering their costs during the application. Your project can include partners that do not receive any of this competition’s funding, for example non-UK businesses. Their costs will count towards the total project costs. Academic institutions must have their research staff ready to start at the beginning of the project. Subcontractors Subcontractors are allowed in this competition. Subcontractors can be from anywhere in the UK and you must select them through your usual procurement process. You can use subcontractors from outside the UK but must make the case in your application as to why you could not use UK suppliers. You must provide a detailed rationale, evidence of the potential UK contractors you approached and the reasons why they were unable to work with you. We will not accept a cheaper cost as a sufficient reason to use an overseas subcontractor. All subcontractor costs must be justified and appropriate to the total project costs. Subcontractors costs are limited to 30% of the total project costs. If your consortium is using more than one subcontractor, this maximum is shared between them. Number of applications A UK registered business of any size can only lead on one application but can be included as a collaborator in a further 2 applications. If a UK registered business of any size is not leading any application, it can collaborate in any number of applications. Academic institutions, charities, not-for-profit organisations, RTOs and public sector organisations can collaborate on any number of applications.

Previous applications You cannot use a previously submitted application to apply for this competition. We will not award you funding if you have:

  • failed to exploit a previously funded project

  • an overdue independent accountant’s report

  • failed to comply with grant terms and conditions

Subsidy control (and State aid where applicable) This competition provides funding in line with the UK's obligations and commitments to Subsidy Control. Further information about the UK Subsidy Control requirements can be found within the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation agreement and the subsequent guidance from the department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS). Innovate UK is unable to award organisations that are considered to be in financial difficulty. We will conduct financial viability and eligibility tests to confirm this is not the case following the application stage. EU State aid rules now only apply in limited circumstances. Please see our general guidance to check if these rules apply to your organisation. Further Information If you are unsure about your obligations under the UK Subsidy Control regime or the State aid rules, you should take independent legal advice. We are unable to advise on individual eligibility or legal obligations. You must at all times make sure that the funding awarded to you is compliant with all current Subsidy Control legislation applicable in the United Kingdom. This aims to regulate any advantage granted by a public sector body which threatens to, or actually distorts competition in the United Kingdom or any other country or countries. If there are any changes to the above requirements that mean we need to change the terms of this competition, we will tell you as soon as possible.

Eligibility Overview This is a new way of showing you eligibility. Your feedback will help us to improve it. Eligibility Tree V2X P1 v2.pdf (opens in a new window)

Funding Up to £2 million has been allocated to fund innovation projects in this competition. Funding will be in the form of a grant. If the majority of your organisation’s work on the project is commercial or economic, your funding request must not exceed the limits below. These limits apply even if your organisation normally acts non-economically. For feasibility studies and industrial research projects, you could get funding for your eligible project costs of:

  • up to 70% if you are a micro or small organisation

  • up to 60% if you are a medium sized organisation

  • up to 50% if you are a large organisation

For more information on company sizes, please refer to the company accounts guidance. This is a change from the EU definition unless you are applying under State aid. If you are applying for an award funded under State aid Regulations, the definitions are set out in the European Commission Recommendation of 6 May 2003. Research participation The research organisations undertaking non-economic activity as part of the project can share up to 30% of the total eligible project costs. If your consortium contains more than one research organisation undertaking non-economic activity, this maximum is shared between them. Of that 30% you could get funding for your eligible project costs of up to:

  • 80% of full economic costs (FEC) if you are a Je-S registered institution such as an academic

  • 100% of your project costs if you are an RTO, charity, not-for-profit organisation, public sector organisation or research organisation

Your proposal The aim of this competition is to fund collaborative projects which can unlock and expand the flexibility potential of electric vehicles (EVs) using bi-directional charging solutions. Your project must deliver prototype hardware, software or business models which can reduce entry barriers for domestic or non-domestic use of V2X bi-directional chargers to provide energy flexibility services. Proposals must address one or more of the following challenges:

  • reduce the cost gap between V2X and single direction smart charging without compromising safety or capability

  • develop next generation on or off-vehicle bi-directional charging using DC Combined Charging System (CCS), DC Charge de move (CHAdeMO) or AC V2X technology

  • develop innovative V2X commercial propositions different to the grid services and business models demonstrated in the UK to date

  • improve consumer experience of V2X operation

  • investigate V2X energy barriers and challenges to innovative solutions that increase the deployment and uptake of V2X

Your project must:

  • develop a solution which can be deployed at scale within 5 years

  • show a clear route to market including identifying end users and use-cases with appropriate business models

  • show how the future supply chain will be developed

  • show how your product or business model can be manufactured or deployed at scale

  • demonstrate the prototype hardware, software or business model in a laboratory setting

  • deliver a monthly report through the Project Manager to the Innovate UK appointed Monitoring Officer with progress against the project plan and financial forecasts

  • deliver a final report summarising the project’s achievements against its objectives, and the lessons learnt for future activity

  • deliver appropriate dissemination activities

Project participants can include, but are not limited to:

  • transport sector stakeholders such as vehicle manufacturers, charging infrastructure providers and operators

  • energy sector stakeholders such as distribution network operators (DNOs), energy suppliers, flexibility system operators, equipment or system developers

  • end users and infrastructure owners such as local authorities and fleet operators both public and private

V2X solutions for road vehicles are in scope for this competition, including special-use vehicles such as emergency response and refuse collection vehicles. However, priority will be given to those projects providing the highest flexibility potential. We reserve the right to take a portfolio approach across different technologies, markets, technological maturities and research categories.

Specific themes Your project can focus on one or more of the following:

  • bi-directional charging equipment compatible with a wide range of EVs

  • bi-directional charging equipment using DC CCS, CHAdeMO or AC protocols

  • cost reduction of compatible bi-directional charging equipment or deployment costs

  • developing new business models to increase the range of V2X use-cases, for example in public charging locations or for freight vehicles

  • developing new V2X commercial propositions for example in new markets, such as V2H, V2B or for new services or stacking multiple revenues

  • providing valid and reliable data justifying revenue predictions for a range of market actors in the V2X ecosystem

  • exploring the opportunity for electric road vehicles, beyond cars, buses and light goods vehicles to provide quantifiable flexible energy services

  • providing technical solutions to optimise EV battery performance with V2X charging

  • making V2X charging more convenient for consumers

This list is not exhaustive.

Research categories We will fund feasibility projects and industrial research projectsas defined in the guidance on categories of research.

Projects we will not fund We are not funding projects that are:

  • not addressing compatible bi-directional EV charging technology

  • duplicating existing V2G technology, services or business models already demonstrated in the UK

  • proposing V2X solutions for non-road transport

  • dependent on export performance – for example giving a subsidy to a baker on the condition that it exports a certain quantity of bread to another country

  • dependent on domestic inputs usage - for example giving a subsidy to a baker on the condition that it uses 50% UK flour in their product


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